Kaziranga National Park is situated in the Golaghat and partly in Nagaon districts of Assam. Kaziranga was declared as a World Heritage Site byUNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation) in 1985 for its unique natural environment.
It is the oldest park in assam covers an area of 430 Sq kms along the river Brahmaputra on the North and the Karbi Anglong hills on the South. It has been declared as National Park in 1974.
The history of Kaziranga as a protected area can be traced back to 1904. It was in this year that Mary Curzon, the wife of the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon, visited the region and was unable to spot any rhinoceroses. It was due to her efforts that the Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest was created on June 1, 1905, covering an area of 232 sq km initially.
The national park is home to two-thirds of the world’s endangered great Indian one-horned rhinoceros. It was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006 and boasts of the highest density of tigers among protected areas of the world. The landscape of Kaziranga is of sheer forest, tall elephant grass, rugged reeds, marshes & shallow pools.
It also has large breeding populations of Elephants, Wild Water Buffalo, Swamp Deer, Leopard, Fishing Cat, other Lesser cats, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civet, Sambar, Barking deer, Hog deer, Gaur, Hog Badger, Hoolock Gibbon, Capped Langur, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Sloth Bear, Gangetic Dolphin and Otter etc.
The National Highway 37 passes through the park area and tea estates, hemmed by table-top tea bushes. One can even see the rhinos and wild elephants straying near the highway.
It is also home to 480 endangered bird species such as Baza, Bengal Florican, Hornbills, Osprey etc. More than 60 species of fishes, 150 perennial water bodies and over 32 species of flora have been identified inside the park so far.
Best season for visit – November to April.
How to reach : Rowraiah (Jorhat) is the nearest Airport which is 97 Kms. away and LGBI Airport (Guwahati) is 239 Kms. away. The road distances from nearest cities & towns to Kohora are : from Jorhat is 89 Kms, from Nagaon is 96 Kms, from Guwahati is 219 Kms, from Golaghat is 73 Kms. and from Bokakhat is 21 Kms.