The Dehing Patkai also known as the Jeypore Rainforest is a wildlife sanctuary located in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts of Assam and is famous for Assam Valley Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests bordering Arunachal Pradesh. The Sanctuary is a part of the Dehing-Patkai Elephant Reserve having the World War II cemeteries nearby, along with the Stillwell Road and the oldest refinery of Asia in Digboi and ‘open cast’ coal mining at Lido.
The Dehing Patkai rainforest is a portion of the total 800 sq. kms area of three combined rainforests namely Joypure, Upper Dehing and Dirak. There is no other forest bigger than this. On 13th June, 2004, 111.19 sq. kms of this area had been declared as a protected area – the Dehing Patkai Wild Life Sanctuary.
This is arguably the only forest in India where the habitat of three big cats -tiger, leopard and clouded leopard – and three cats -morbeed cat, golden cat and leopard cat – are found. About 40 species of mammals have been recorded in Jeypore rainforest. It also shelters nearly 38 family groups of western hoolock gibbon.
There are about 18,000 species of butterflies found in different parts of the world. These butterflies are broadly classified into two superfamilies- Hesperioidea which includes all the skippers and Papilionoidea which includes all the rest. The Papilionoidea are said to be true butterflies and they include four families – Papilionidea, Pieridae, Nymphalidae, and Lycaenidae.
What you expect to see:
Mammals : Chinese pangolin, Flying fox, Slow loris, Stump-tailed macaque, Assamese macaque, Rhesus macaque, Capped langur, Hoolock gibbon, Himalayan black bear, Hog –badger, Jungle cat, Leopard cat, Fishing cat, Marbled cat, Clouded leopard, Leopard, Tiger, Wild pig, Sambar, Barking deer, Gaur, Serow, Malayan giant squirrels, Porcupine, Pig-tailed macaque etc.
Birds : Lesser Adjutant Stork, White Winged Wood duck, White-backed Vulture, Slender-billed Vulture, White cheeked Hill Partridge, Khaleej Pheasant, Grey Peacock-Pheasant, Rufus necked Hornbill, Wreathed Hornbill, Great Pied Hornbill, Beautiful Nuthatch, Black-browed Leaf Wabler, Green Imperial Pigeon, Purple wood or Pale capped Pigeon etc.
Reptiles : Rock python, King cobra, Asian leaf turtle, Monitor Lizard etc.
How to reach: From Mohanbari (Dibrugarh) Airport the Sanctuary is about 80 kms. away. The Sanctuary is close to Digboi, Duliajan and Margherita towns.
Where to stay: Forest Inspection Bungalow at Digboi, contact – Divisional Forest Officer, Digboi Division, Digboi, Tel.- 03751-264433. The Private Lodges are – Digboi Tourist Lodge cum Restaurant, Golai No.1, Digboi, P.O. Digboi, Tel.- 94351 69247, Central Transit Accommodation, I.O.C. Digboi, Tel.- 03751-264025
Whom to contact for visit: Divisional Forest Officer, Digboi Division, P.O. Digboi, Pin: 786171, Dist. Tinsukia, Tel.- 03751-264433, Range Forest Officer, Soraipung, P.O. Bhadoipanchali, Dist: Tinsukia, Range Forest Officer, Margherita West Range, P.O. Margherita, Dist: Tinsukia.
Best season for visit: September to March.